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Cherry Orchard Primary School


Phonics & Learning to Read

At Cherry Orchard, we teach phonics from Nursery to Year 2 using Letters and Sounds, which is a phonics resource published by the Department for Education.


The children have daily phonic lessons which promote speaking and listening skills. By the end of Key Stage 1, we aim for children to be able to read fluently and have a good foundation in spelling.


Letters and Sounds has six phases.


Phase One is taught in Nursery

The aim of this phase is to foster children’s speaking and listening

skills as preparation for learning to read with phonics.


Phase Two – Four is taught in Reception

Children learn:

- 42 sounds/phonemes and how these are represented by letters/graphemes

- how to blend sounds together for reading and how to segment

words for spelling.

- how to read and spell ‘tricky’ words


 Phase Five is taught in Year 1

Children learn new ways of representing sounds and practise

blending for reading and segmenting for spelling.


Phase Six is taught in Year 2

During this phase, children become fluent readers and increasingly

accurate spellers.